If you’re wondering what food causes kidney stones, you’re not alone. Kidney stones are a common condition that can cause a lot of pain and discomfort. While there are many different factors that can contribute to kidney stones, diet is one of the most important.
There are certain foods that are more likely to cause kidney stones, and avoiding them can help reduce your risk. Here are some of the most common offenders:
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What are kidney stones?
Kidney stones are typically made up of calcium and oxalate, which are found in many foods. Other substances that can contribute to kidney stones include uric acid, cystine and struvite. Foods that are high in oxalate include spinach, Swiss chard, beets, nuts, rhubarb, tea and chocolate. Foods that are high in calcium include dairy products, broccoli and kale.
What are the causes of kidney stones?
There are many different types of kidney stones, and each type has a different cause. The most common type of kidney stone is made of calcium oxalate, which forms when there is too much oxalate in the urine. Oxalate is a substance that is found in many foods, such as spinach, sweet potatoes, nuts, and chocolate. Other common types of kidney stones include struvite stones, which are caused by infection; uric acid stones, which are caused by too much acid in the urine; and cystine stones, which are caused by a genetic disorder that causes too much cystine to be excreted in the urine. Treatment for kidney stones depends on the type of stone and the cause.
What are the symptoms of kidney stones?
Kidney stones are small, hard deposits that form in your kidneys. They are made up of mineral and acid salts. Kidney stones can be as small as a grain of sand or as large as a pearl. They usually pass out of your body through your urine, but they can sometimes get stuck in your kidney.
The most common symptom of kidney stones is severe pain. The pain usually starts in your side or back, just below your ribs. It may radiate down to your groin or lower abdomen. The pain may come in waves and be intense enough to make you vomit. You may also have chills, fever and cloudy urine.
If you think you have kidney stones, see your doctor right away. He or she will ask about your symptoms and medical history and do a physical exam. You may also have blood tests and urine tests to look for signs of infection or other problems. An X-ray or CT scan can show whether you have kidney stones
How are kidney stones diagnosed?
You may have kidney stones if you have pain while urinating, pain in your lower back or side, or blood in your urine. Your doctor can diagnose kidney stones with an X-ray, an ultrasound, or a CT scan. If you have a kidney stone, your doctor may give you prescriptions for pain medicine and for a medicine to help pass the kidney stone.
How are kidney stones treated?
Kidney stones are usually treated by encouraging the stone to pass out of the body on its own. This can be done by drinking plenty of fluids, taking pain relievers to help with the pain, and avoiding foods that contain high levels of oxalate. If the stone is too large to pass on its own, your doctor may need to perform a procedure to remove it.
Can kidney stones be prevented?
It is not always possible to prevent kidney stones, but there are things you can do to reduce your risk.
If you have had kidney stones in the past, you are at increased risk of having them again. But there are things you can do to reduce your risk.
Drink plenty of fluids every day. This will help to dilute the substances in your urine that can form kidney stones. Aim for at least 2 liters (about 8 cups) of fluid per day. Good choices include water, lemonade, and orange juice. Limit or avoid alcohol and caffeinated beverages such as coffee and tea because they can cause dehydration.
Choose foods that are low in oxalate. Oxalate is found in some foods and it can bind with calcium to form calcium oxalate kidney stones. Good options include most fruits and vegetables, as well as whole grains such as oats and brown rice.
Limit animal protein. Eating too much animal protein, such as red meat, poultry, fish, and shellfish, can increase your risk of kidney stones. Good options include tofu, legumes (beans), and low-fat dairy products.
Cut back on salt (sodium). Eating a lot of salt can cause your body to hold on to extra water which raises your blood pressure and puts strain on your kidneys.
What are the risk factors for kidney stones?
There are a number of risk factors that can increase your chances of developing kidney stones. These include:
-Dehydration: This is by far the most common cause of kidney stones. When your urine becomes concentrated, it can form crystals that eventually turn into stones.
-Diet: A diet high in animal protein, salt, and sugar can increase your risk of kidney stones. Eating foods that are high in oxalate (such as spinach, chocolate, and nuts) can also lead to stone formation.
-Medical conditions:Certain medical conditions can increase your risk of kidney stones, such as renal tubular acidosis, cystinuria, and chronic urinary tract infections.
-Medications: Some medications (such as diuretics, antacids, and calcium-based drugs) can lead to stone formation.
What are thecomplications of kidney stones?
Kidney stones can cause a great deal of pain and discomfort. In addition, they can lead to serious complications, such as infection, kidney damage, and even death.
The most common complication of kidney stones is infection. Stones can block the flow of urine and trap bacteria in the kidney. This can lead to a urinary tract infection (UTI), which can be very painful. In some cases, the infection can spread to the blood and cause sepsis, which can be life-threatening.
Kidney stones can also damage the kidneys. Stones that are large enough can block the ureters (the tubes that carry urine from the kidneys to the bladder), causing urine to back up into the kidneys. This can damage the kidneys and lead to kidney failure.
In rare cases, kidney stones can be life-threatening. For example, if a stone lodges in the ureter and blocks urine from flowing out of the kidney, it can cause renal failure. If renal failure occurs, dialysis (a medical procedure that filters waste products from the blood) or a kidney transplant may be necessary.
What is the prognosis for kidney stones?
There is no one answer to this question as the prognosis for kidney stones depends on a number of factors, including the type of kidney stone, the size of the stone, and the underlying cause of the stones. In general, however, most people with kidney stones will eventually pass them without any major complications.
What research is being done for kidney stones?
Kidney stones are a common cause of blood in the urine and pain in the abdomen, flank, or groin. Kidney stones occur when tiny mineral crystals form in the kidney.
Most kidney stones pass on their own without causing any long-term problems.If they don’t, they can cause pain and blockage.
There are four types of kidney stones:
-Calcium Stones: Calcium is the most common type of kidney stone. Calcium stones can be either calcium oxalate or calcium phosphate.
-Uric Acid Stones: Uric acid stones happen when your urine is too acidic. They can grow big and cause problems if not treated.
-Struvite Stones: Struvite stones are caused by infection, typically in women who have urinary tract infections.
-Cystine Stones: Cystine stones develop when you have a genetic disorder that causes your body to excrete too much cystine into your urine.
Treatment for kidney stones depends on the size of the stone, what it is made of, whether you have an infection, and your overall health. Smaller stones may pass on their own, while larger ones might need to be broken up with sound waves or surgery.
If you have an infection, you might need antibiotics to clear it up. Drinking plenty of fluids every day can help prevent new kidney stones from forming.